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Filtration Media Used in Modern Water Cleaning Systems – Their Role, Pros, and Cons

The quality of the water is highly important for our healthiness, no matter we use it for the body’s hygiene or we drink it. Depending on the situation, water can have beneficial or harmful effects on our general body and mental condition. Filtration is a well-known procedure that is used to obtain a clean and fresh water, by removing sediments, pollutants, bacteria and other dangerous elements that can be found in unfiltered water.
There are plenty of modern media systems that can be used for water filtration and we are going to discuss a little bit about them in the following lines.

How does filtration work?

The filtration process refers to the water flow that is pushed through a special material, membrane or another type of media, that is able to remove viruses, pathogens, bacteria and heavy metals from it, at a low speed. This process is repeated until there are no toxic elements in the water.

Types of filtration media used in the modern water cleaning

Activated carbon systems

Activated carbon filters are usually used for residential and also light commercial use because they are powerful filters, able to remove a wide range of unwanted elements from the water. They remove sediments, odors, organic chemicals and chlorine taste. This type of media is generally made without using chemicals or bad elements, this is why it is able to provide a natural water filtration process.


    • These filters are among the most inexpensive water filtration systems and don’t require too much maintenance;
    • They give excellent results in the water’s odor and taste;
    • The filters are generally made of coconut shell, wood or bituminous;
    • They do a great job when it comes to completely remove carbon-based chemicals, chlorine, and other microorganisms


    • They can’t remove chemicals that are not attracted to carbon, such as heavy metals or nitrates;
    • They might not be effective in removing certain pathogenic bacteria;
    • The effectiveness of the filter might decrease if the water doesn’t stay enough in contact with it

Slow sand filters

This type of media allows water flow in and out of it, removing pathogenic organisms through numerous biological, chemical and physical processes in just one step. Generally, these systems are reliable and involve low life-cycle costs.


  • They involve low operating costs;
  • They are able to instantly remove solids and water muddiness;
  • These systems use a simple technology


  • Slow sand filters can’t completely remove all bacteria from the water

Salt-based ion exchange softener filters

Hard water comes from different underground sources, meaning that on its way, it collects a lot of dissolved minerals from rocks. These minerals we can say that establish the “hardness” level of the water, which is better to remain at lower levels. The solution, in this case, is the distillation of the water, reverse osmosis or using a water softener system. Filtration of the water from a whole house may be more expensive than mounting a whole house water softener system which involves lower costs. The most popular and effective method used to obtain softener water for a complete household is the salt-based ion exchange softener, which has a simple working principle – ion exchange. Being more specific, it replaces salt with hard minerals that can be found in the water, such as iron, magnesium, and calcium.


  • It provides brighter and healthier skin and hair;
  • The appliances will have a longer life using soft water;
  • Less soap use;
  • Fewer repairs and plumbing maintenance


  • The resin bed needs replacement every five to ten years;

Ultraviolet systems

This method involves as its name suggests, exposing water to ultraviolet radiations, in order to remove viruses and bacteria from it. The water passes through a chamber containing a huge ultraviolet light source, which acts as a powerful sterilization agent. The light is able to destroy all microorganisms and contaminants and eliminates possible viral reproduction before the reverse osmosis purification.


  • These systems are environmentally-friendly;
  • They are compatible with other water filtration technologies;
  • Provide low maintenance;
  • They require little energy


  • The UV units require pre and post filters;

Ultrafiltration systems (UF)

These type of filters use a membrane that separates impurities from water, making it safe for drinking and general use. Depending on the construction of the filter, the water passes through a membrane material, leaving behind solid particles and macromolecules that are bigger than the filter’s pores. This technique is one of the vital water purification methods used to remove over 90% of the water’s pathogens, in order to make it safe for drinking.


  • UF provides a high filtration process, using little energy;
  • It works with standard tap water pressure;
  • It is capable of purifying even dirty or Turbid water


  • It can’t remove dissolved salts

Advantages of Using a Water Ionizer

You have probably heard about the benefits that a water ionizer can provide, and why increasingly more people opt for a device like this, nowadays. If you are interested in finding out more about these units, then you must take a look at the below advantages of using a water ionizer.

The whole body will be super hydrated

A good hydration is provided by a healthy and clean water. This is why it is extremely important to have a water ionizer in your home. A device like this will treat your water with minerals and electrical current as well, in order to provide you an ionized water, which will super hydrate your entire body. Therefore, you will feel more energetic, and with a more optimistic thinking, which actually means that your entire life will improve.

It helps in cancer prevention

This is another wonderful benefit of having an appliance like this in your home. Drinking only ionized water at all times will definitely help in cancer prevention, due to the fact that it has strong antioxidants properties. Studies have shown that these antioxidants are extremely beneficial in cancer prevention, which is absolutely amazing.

Your cardiovascular system will improve

Medical studies have shown that the overall health of the arteries and veins in the entire cardiovascular system will considerably improve. Ionized water acts as a preventive measure against free radical damage, which means that you will be a lot less prone to heart diseases.

Your skin will be and look healthier as well

The water produced by these appliances is absolutely great for your skin as well. It will look a lot younger, your fine wrinkles will be eliminated, and skin bacteria will be reduced as well, which means that you will not have to deal with acne anymore. A healthier skin will definitely make you look and feel absolutely incredible.

The water will taste far better

One of the most important advantages of using a water ionizer is the fact that it will taste far better, and smoother as well than regular tap water. Furthermore, specialists say that your food will be hydrated better, and this type of hydration will actually make your food more delicious. Therefore, you have another strong reason to buy an appliance like this, and install it in your kitchen, as soon as possible, in order to improve the quality of your life.

Tips for Buying a Quality Water Filtration System

Water filtration systems can considerably improve the quality of the water you drink at home but their efficiency depends on some aspects that you have to pay attention to. With all the models you can find on the market, choosing the best could seem impossible but with the buying tips we give you below, things will be much easier. Keep reading and see how you can buy a quality water filtration system.

Look for a good manufacturer

Although it’s not a generally available rule, most quality water filters are offered by popular and reliable manufacturers with a large history behind. This assures you that you are using a good product designed to yield at its best and that you will enjoy a strong warranty in case anything happens to your water filtration system.

Test your water

There are many water contaminants existing in the tap water, from simple dirt and rust to dangerous heavy metals, bacteria, stinky gases, and more. Not all of them are found in your tap water so it’s best to know what exactly can be found in it so you will know what you need your water filter to eliminate. You can run some water tests at your local water company to determine the contaminants found in your tap water. This will help you find the water filter that will work against those particular contaminants.

Decide on the type of filter

Once you have determined the nature of the contaminants you are dealing with, it will be much easier for you to choose the type of filter that you need. The most popular water filters are the reverse osmosis models that include a membrane that stops larger particles from getting into your glass and the carbon activated ones that can handle even the smallest particles. The last model is the most suitable for home use because it can eliminate the unpleasant chlorine odor, heavy metals, and even germs.

Take into consideration the size of your house

This detail is important because it will help you decide on the type of water filtration system you will purchase. For example, if you only install a filter on the tap in the kitchen, but you have many bathrooms that would also require filtration due to hard water, you will not be satisfied with the performance of the filter chosen. Also, it would be more expensive to install different filters on every water source when you could opt for a whole house water filter that would easily handle all the water running through your house.

Top 3 Most Efficient Whole House Water Filters

Given the latest news related to drinking water safety, people should be more concerned about the quality of the water they drink from their taps. A whole house water filter can solve the issue and guarantee fresh and safe to drink water at every water source in your house, being a more convenient version than separate water filters. Take a look at the top 3 most efficient whole house water filters and decide which one you want to have at home.

Home Master HMF2SMGCC

This is a top choice due to the efficient operating and the smart design that improve performance and minimize maintenance. The large housing enables for high water pressure up to 10 gallons per minute so the water flow will not be influenced by the presence of the water filter. The system includes a four gradient density sediment filter that allows it to hold impurities from 25 to 1 micron in size so even the smallest water contaminants will be removed. The filter shows excellent purification abilities as it manages to remove up to 95 percent of the heavy metals, sediment, chemicals, and even chlorine found in tap water. The replaceable catalytic carbon filter lasts for 1 year or 95,000 gallons before it needs to
be replaced. And given that the $379 price has been lowered to $311, you have more reason to buy it.

APEC Water Systems ROES-PH75

Another great unit that has shown excellent performance in removing water contaminants through the reverse osmosis method is this large unit with 6 filtering stages. The cartridges use food-grade calcium that adjusts the water pH and improves the taste. It can be used on tap or well water and it manages to provide a high flow rate due to the membrane that allows water to run through it at high speeds. Besides the alkalizing effect, this water filter also shows great performance in removing up to 99% of the impurities found in tap water including heavy metals like lead and fluoride and dangerous bacteria and cysts. At $209 reduced from $2029, it’s a product with a great quality-price ratio.

Aquasana EQ-1000-AMZN

This version is a more expensive one designed for people who are willing to pay anything to get the purest and safest drinking water, and this is what they will get with this whole house water filter. The high efficiency enables it to remove up to 97% of the contaminants found in tap water and it can resist to high flow rates for around 1,000,000 gallons of water. The system uses 4 different filters namely a pre-filter, a copper-zinc KDF, an activated carbon filter, and a post filter that work together to deliver crisp and clean water. As said before, this is a more expensive filter with a price that exceeds $1,200 if it doesn’t enjoy any discounts but you can also have it for $800 when it does.

Real Comparison between the Best Water Ionizers of the Moment

It’s no mystery that the alkaline ionized water provided by the water ionizers offers superior hydration and a load of health benefits. To make it easier for you to choose what water ionizer to go with if you want to be able to replace drinking unhealthy tap water with healthy alkaline ionized water, read the following lines. Here you will see a great comparison between the best water ionizers of the moment, more precisely a comparison between the Enagic Leveluk Super 501, the Bawell Platinum Ionizer, and the Kangen Leveluk SD501.


The type and number of plates that the water ionizer uses is a great indicator of the unit’s water ionizing capabilities. When it comes to the number of plates used, both the Bawell Platinum Ionizer and the Kangen Leveluk SD501 use 7 plates. The Enagic Leveluk Super 501 tops the other 2 models here, using an astounding number of 12 plates. On the other hand, when it comes to the type of plates that these water ionizers use, they all use solid titanium platinum coated plates.


Water ionizers can either use a single filter or a dual filter system. It’s best to go with a model that uses a dual filter system because it has superior filtering capabilities. This comes in handy especially if you live in an area where the municipal water is highly polluted. Unfortunately, the Enagic Leveluk Super 501 model and the Kangen Leveluk SD501 model use a single filter, which makes them lose in front of the Bawell Platinum Ionizer which uses a dual filter system, making it superior when it comes to filtering impurities.

pH capability

The pH capability shows what pH range the water ionizer offers. Of course, the bigger the range, the better. The Enagic Leveluk Super 501 has a pH range of 2.4 to 12.0, the Kangen Leveluk SD501 has a pH range of 2.5 to 11.0, and the Bawell Platinum Ionizer has a pH range of 2.0 to 12.0. According to the pH capability, the Bawell Platinum Ionizer is superior to the other 2 models.

Self-cleaning capabilities

A useful feature that you should take into account when buying a water ionizer is the unit’s self-cleaning capability. Better said, you should look for a unit that can automatically clean itself because it will provide safer and healthier drinking water. The Kangen Leveluk SD501 water ionizer doesn’t feature any self-cleaning capabilities, which is a major disadvantage. On the other hand, the Enagic Leveluk Super 501 features an automatic cleaning system, and the Bawell Platinum Ionizer features automatic reverse cleaning every time it starts up and shuts down.

Is Boiling Tap Water a Solution for Water Contamination?

If you want to make sure you consume a contaminant-free tap water at all times, then the good news is that there are some wonderful solutions that will help you obtain the desired result. Is boiling tap water a solution for water contamination? If you are asking yourself this question, then by reading this article you will certainly know how to achieve your goal with ease and efficiency as well.

What’s the best solution for a contaminats free tap water?

Nowadays, tap water from many homes is contaminated with bacteria, chlorine, arsenic, lead, pharmaceuticals, and so on. These harmful contaminants can cause you digestive problems, skin and eyes irritations, and other health problems. In order to avoid them, and highly protect your health it is recommended to look for some solutions that will help you obtain a clean and healthy tap water.
If money is not a problem for you, then the best thing you could do, is to install a whole house water filter. A whole house filtration system is perfect as you will not need to worry about water contamination anymore. The water from your entire home will be clean, fresh and it will taste a lot better as well.
However, if you do not have enough money for a filtration system like this, then you could opt for an under-the-counter appliance, which is a lot more affordable, and which will certainly provide you the desired results. Plenty of models are available in the specific shops these days, and you should purchase the one that will meet all your needs.
Is boiling tap water a solution for water contamination? If you are asking yourself this sort of question, then you must know that this is not a permanent solution to your problem, due to various reasons. For example, you definitely do not have enough time to boil the water all the time you want to use it for different purposes. Furthermore, you cannot boil the water you use when having a shower. You can probably boil the one you use for cooking or for drinking, but even so, you will still have lots of work to do. It is true that boiling your tap water will remove the harmful contaminants, but as mentioned earlier it is not a very comfortable job to do. Therefore, it is highly recommended to look for other ways to eliminate the harmful contaminants from your tap water.